Trevor’s Writings

[Results: 165 | Clear Selection]

Key Words

Lichen Genera: Ahtiana | Alectoria | Brodoa | Bryoria | Cladina | Cladonia | Collema | cyanolichens | Dendriscocaulon | Diploschistes | Heterodermia | Hypogymnia | Kaernefeltia | Lepraria | Leptogium | Letharia | Lobaria | Nephroma | Parmelia | Peltigera | Pseudocyphellaria | Rhizocarpon | Sticta | Tholurna | Usnea | Xanthoria

Lichen Topics: epiphytic lichens | forage lichens | lichens | lichen assessment | lichen biology | lichen carbon theory | lichen checklists | lichen distribution | lichen ecology | lichen evolution | lichen identification | lichen metacell | lichen phytogeography | lichen preassembly | new lichen reports | new lichen taxa | oceanic lichens | paralichen theory | rare lichens | lichen resynthesis

Plants: Azolla | ferns | plants | Talinum

Animals: animals | birds | Mountain Caribou | Woodland Caribou | people | White-throated Swifts

Earth Science: climate | geology | snow | volcanism

Places: Wells Gray Park

Ecosystems: antique forests | Coastal Temperate Rainforests | Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir Zone | forest ecology | Inland Rainforests | Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone | oldgrowth | rainforests | subalpine meadows | waterfall spray zones | woody debris | zonation

Life and Ecosystem Process: dripzone effect | emergence | eukaryotic life | facilitation | homeostasis | nutrient enrichment | species | systems theory

Miscellaneous: conservation responsibility | field guide | history | hypothesis generation | interpretation | metaphor | naturalists | pattern ecology | people | perception | philosophy | popular writings | reviews | scientists | semi-popular writings | thumbs down

[Results: 165 | Clear Selection]

References

Arsenault, A. and T. Goward. 1998. Patterns of lichen diversity and distribution in old and young forests of the interior cedar-hemlock zone of British Columbia. Pages 21-22 in M. Jull, D. Coxson, S. Stevenson, D. Lousier and M. Walters (eds.): Ecosystem Dynamics and Silviculture Systems in Interior Wet-belt ESSF and ICH Forests. University of Northern British Columbia Press, Prince George. [key words: forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone]

Arsenault, A. and T. Goward. 2000. Ecological characteristics of Inland Rainforests. Ecoforestry 15(4): 20-23. [key words: Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone]

Arsenault, A. and T. Goward. 2000. Ecological characteristics of inland rainforests. Pages 437-439 in L. Darling (ed.). Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, B.C., 15-19 Feb., 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. [key words: Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / conservation responsibility] [abstract] [download pdf]

Arsenault, A. and T. Goward. 2000. The drip zone effect: new insights into the distribution of rare lichens. Pages 767-768 in L. Darling (ed.). Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, B.C., 15-19 Feb., 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. [key words: cyanolichens / lichens / dripzone effect / nutrient enrichment / forest ecology / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / facilitation] [abstract] [download pdf]

Björk, C., T. Goward and T. Spribille. 2009. New records and range extensions of rare lichens from waterfalls and spray zones in inland British Columbia, Canada. Evansia 26: 219-224. [key words: lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens / Wells Gray Park / new lichen reports] [abstract] [request pdf]

Bunnell, F.L., T. Goward, I. Houde and C. Björk. 2007. Larch seed trees sustain arboreal lichens and encourage recolonization of regenerating stands. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 22: 94-98. [key words: forest ecology / epiphytic lichens]

Bunnell, F.L., T. Spribille, I. Houde, T. Goward and C. Björk. 2008. Lichens on down wood in logged and unlogged forest stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 38: 1033-1041. [key words: woody debris / forest ecology / rare lichens] [abstract] [request pdf]

DellaSala, D., P. Alaback, L. Craighead, T. Goward, P. Paquet and T. Spribille. 2010. Chapter 3. Temperate and boreal rainforests of inland northwestern North America. Pages 82-110 in D. DellaSala (ed.): Temperate and boreal rainforests of the world. Island Press, Washington. [key words: Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / conservation responsibility / Mountain Caribou / lichens / lichen ecology] [abstract]

DellaSala, D., P. Alaback, L. Craighead, T. Goward, H. Håkon, J. Kirkpatrick, P.V. Krestov, F. Moola, Y. Nakamura, R.S. Nauman, R.F. Noss, P. Paquet, K. Ronneberg, T. Spribille, D. Tecklin and H. von Wehrden. 2010. Chapter 10. Crosscutting issues and conservation strategies. Pages 243-259 in D. DellaSala (ed.): Temperate and boreal rainforests of the world. Island Press, Washington. [key words: rainforests / conservation responsibility] [abstract]

Goffinet, B. and T. Goward. 1998. Is Nephroma silvae-veteris the cyanomorph of Lobaria oregana? Insights from molecular, chemical and morphological characters. Pages 41-52 in M.G. Glenn, R.C. Harris, R. Dirig and M.S. Cole (eds.). Lichenographia Thomsoniana: North American Lichenology in honor of John W. Thomson. Mycotaxon Ltd., Ithaca, New York. [key words: Lobaria / lichens / hypothesis generation / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goffinet, B., J. Miadlikowska and T. Goward. 2003. Phylogenetic inferences based on nrDNA sequences support five morphospecies within the Peltigera didactyla complex (Lichenized Ascomycota). The Bryologist 106: 349-364. [key words: lichens / Peltigera / Wells Gray Park / new lichen taxa]

Goward, T. 1973. Twenty plants of Champion Lakes Provincial Park. Province of British Columbia. Ministry of Lands, Parks and Housing. Queen’s Printer, Victoria. 11 pages. [key words: plants / popular writings / field guide]

Goward, T. 1980. Interpretation: effectiveness at the field level. Pages 10-16 in B. Barkley. Heritage Record No. II. Heritage interpretation: making interpretation relevant: selected papers from the 7th National Workshop of Interpretation Canada. British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria. [key words: interpretation / naturalists] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1980. Twenty plants of interior parks. Province of British Columbia. Ministry of Lands, Parks and Housing. Queen’s Printer, Victoria. 11 pages. [key words: plants / popular writings / field guide] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1981. Patterns of climate in Wells Gray Provincial Park and its vicinity. Typewritten manuscript. 43 pages. [key words: Wells Gray Park / climate]

Goward, T. 1984. Heterodermia sitchensis, a new lichen from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 87: 366-368. [key words: lichens / Heterodermia / rare lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. (compiler) 1984. Checklist of the Birds of Wells Gray Provincial Park. B.C. Parks, Kamloops. [key words: birds / Wells Gray Park / animals / field guide]

Goward, T. 1984. International Lichenological Newsletter 17: (1). [Cover illustration: Bottle collection Lichen: Tholurna dissimilis]. [key words: lichens / Tholurna] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1984. The Enlichenment: Lichen Canada. B.C. Naturalist 22 (4): 9. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1984. The Enlichenment: The enlichenment. B.C. Naturalist 22 (3): 10, 11. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1985. Ahtiana, a new lichen genus in the Parmeliaceae. The Bryologist 88: 367-371. [key words: lichens / Ahtiana / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. 1985. The Enlichenment: Dr. Freckle and Mr. Hide. B.C. Naturalist 23 (2): 9. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Peltigera]

Goward, T. 1985. The Enlichenment: The trouble with lichen. B.C. Naturalist 23 (1): 9, 8. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1985. The Enlichenment: Witches’ hair, bear’s hair, old man’s beard. B.C. Naturalist 23 (3): 9. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Bryoria / Alectoria / Usnea] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1985. The Trophy Mountain extension: a new perspective on Wells Gray provincial park. Pages 246-251 in P.J. Dooling (ed.). Parks in British Columbia: emergent realities. Park Recreation and Tourism Resources Program. Department of Forest Resources Management. Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia. [key words: Wells Gray Park / popular writings / conservation responsibility / subalpine meadows] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1985. The winter of Wells Gray. Beautiful British Columbia (Winter) 1985: 36-40. [key words: Wells Gray Park / popular writings] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1986. Brodoa, a new lichen genus in the Parmeliaceae. The Bryologist 89: 219-223. [key words: Brodoa / lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. 1986. The Enlichenment: Good for what ails you. B.C. Naturalist 24 (2): 9. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1986. The Enlichenment: What’s brown and sounds like a bell? B.C. Naturalist 24 (3): 9. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Diploschistes]

Goward, T. 1986. Witches’ Hair and Old Man’s Beard. Nature Canada 15 (2): 39-45. [key words: lichens / Alectoria / Bryoria / popular writings / Mountain Caribou / conservation responsibility] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1987. [Review:] J. Thomson. American arctic lichens 1. The macrolichens. Columbia University Press, 1984. Canadian Field-Naturalist 100: 120-122. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1987. [Review:] D.L. Hawksworth and D.J. Hill. The lichen-forming fungi. Blackie and Son, Glasgow, 1984. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101: 506-507. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1987. The Enlichenment: Biting the dust. B.C. Naturalist 25 (1): 19, 8. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Lepraria]

Goward, T. 1987. The Enlichenment: On line with lichens. B.C. Naturalist 25 (2): 17. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1987. The Enlichenment: Enlichened Collecting. B.C. Naturalist 25 (3): 11. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1987. The Enlichenment: Super Natural B.C.: an elegy? B.C. Naturalist 25 (4): 11. [key words: popular writings / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 1988. Hypogymnia oceanica, a new lichen (Ascomycotina) from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 91: 229-232. [key words: Hypogymnia / lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. 1988. [Review:] J.D. Lawrey. Biology of lichenized fungi. Praeger, Toronto, 1984. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102: 185. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1988. [Review:] K.A. Kershaw. Physiological ecology of lichens. Cambridge University Press, New York, 1985. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102: 403-404. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1988. [Review:] D.J. Galloway. Flora of New Zealand lichens. New Zealand Government Printer, Wellington, 1985. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102: 601-602. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1988. The Enlichenment: Apology for lichens. B.C. Naturalist 26 (2): 11, 17. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1988. The Enlichenment: Inventing necessities. B.C. Naturalist 26 (4): 4, 16. [key words: popular writings / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 1988. The Enlichenment: The colour orange. B.C. Naturalist 26 (3): 15, 22. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Xanthoria]

Goward, T. 1988. The Enlichenment: The great hangers on. B.C. Naturalist 26 (1): 11. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1989. The Enlichenment: Lichens at the edge. B.C. Naturalist 27 (4): 14-15. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1989. The Enlichenment: Pierre Burton on Lichens. B.C. Naturalist 27 (1): 14-15. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1989. The Enlichenment: Something new has been added. B.C. Naturalist 27 (2): 18. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1989. The Enlichenment: The three faces of symbiosis. B.C. Naturalist 27 (3): 14. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1989. The valley of fire and ice. Nature Canada 18 (4): 36-43. [key words: Wells Gray Park / geology / volcanism] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1990. Rare and endangered lichens in British Columbia. Bioline. Spring 1990: 13-15. [key words: rare lichens / conservation responsibility / lichens]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] T. Nash and V. Wirth. Lichens, bryophytes and air quality. [Bibliotheca Lichenologica 30], J. Cramer, Berlin, 1988. Canadian Field-Naturalist 105: 303. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] D.H. Vitt, J.E. Marsh and R.B. Bovey. Mosses, lichens and ferns of northwest North America. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, 1988. Canadian Field-Naturalist 104: 153-155. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] M.E. Hale and M. Cole. Lichens of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1988. Canadian Field-Naturalist 104: 509-510. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] I.M. Brodo. Lichens of the Ottawa Region (second edition), Ottawa Field-Naturalists’ Club, Ottawa, 1988. Canadian Field-Naturalist 104: 152. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] W.J. Noble, T. Ahti, G.F. Otto and I.M. Brodo. A second checklist and bibliography of the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. Syllogeus 61, National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa, 1987. Canadian Field-Naturalist 104: 153. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. [Review:] V. Ahmadjian and S. Paracer. Symbiosis: an introduction to biological association. University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1986. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 104: 159-160. [key words: reviews]

Goward, T. 1990. The Enlichenment: Crying wolf. B.C. Naturalist 28 (1): 14. [key words: popular writings / lichens / Letharia]

Goward, T. 1990. The Enlichenment: Forestry herbicides: visions and revisions. B.C. Naturalist 28 (2): 22-23. [key words: popular writings / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 1990. The Enlichenment: What if the bluebird were brown? B.C. Naturalist 28 (3): 22-23. [key words: popular writings / naturalists]

Goward, T. 1991. Divorce is out of the question. Pages 160-161 in G.R. White. Stein Valley Wilderness Guidebook. Stein Wilderness Alliance, Vancouver. [key words: lichens / Letharia]

Goward, T. 1991. The Enlichenment: Lichens and the little big times. B.C. Naturalist 29 (2): 22-23. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1991. The Enlichenment: Lichens and the vanished grasslands. B.C. Naturalist 29 (6): 8-9. [key words: popular writings / lichens / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 1992. Lichens. Pages 319-338 in MacKinnon, A., J. Pojar and R. Coupé (eds.). Plants of northern British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen identification / field guide]

Goward, T. 1992. The Enlichenment: The crust of the matter. B.C. Naturalist 30 (6): 4-5. [key words: popular writings / lichens / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 1992. Lichens and the vanished grasslands. Wildflower 8 (2): 21. [key words: popular writings / conservation responsibility] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1993. Crown of the ICH: Epiphytic macrolichens of oldgrowth forests in the Interior Cedar – Hemlock Zone. Bioline. Fall/Winter: 15-17. [key words: oldgrowth / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1993 (“1991”). Epiphytic lichens: going down with the trees. Pages 153-158 in Rautio, S. (ed.). Community action for endangered species: a public symposium on B.C.‘s threatened and endangered species and their habitat. Federation of British Columbia Naturalists, Vancouver. [key words: conservation responsibility / lichens / lichen ecology / oldgrowth / Coastal Temperate Rainforests / rare lichens] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1993. The Enlichenment: Lichens and the 1% naturalist. B.C. Naturalist 31 (2): 4-5. [key words: popular writings / naturalists / lichens]

Goward, T. 1993. The Enlichenment: Of Spotted Lichens and Marbled Naturalists. B.C. Naturalist 31 (5): 4. [key words: popular writings / naturalists / lichens]

Goward, T. (compiler) 1993. Checklist of the Birds of Wells Gray Provincial Park, First Revision. B.C. Parks, Kamloops. [key words: birds / Wells Gray Park / animals / field guide]

Goward, T. 1994. Lichens. Pages 484-504 in J. Pojar and A. MacKinnon (eds.). Plants of coastal British Columbia, including Washington, Oregon and Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen identification / field guide]

Goward, T. 1994. Living Antiquities. Nature Canada 23 (3): 14-21. [key words: popular writings / oldgrowth / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology / cyanolichens] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1994. Mosquito Fern: two new records in British Columbia. Cordillera 1 (2): 23-25. [key words: Azolla / ferns / plants / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1994. Notes on oldgrowth-dependent epiphytic macrolichens in the humid oldgrowth forests in inland British Columbia, Canada. Acta Botanica Fennica 150: 31-38. [key words: oldgrowth / antique forests / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology / antique forests / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1994. Rare and endangered lichens in British Columbia. Pages 77-80 in L. Harding and E. McCullum (eds.). Biodiversity in British Columbia: our changing environment. Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region. [key words: rare lichens / lichens / lichen ecology / rainforests / oldgrowth] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1994. The 1 Percent Naturalist. Nature Canada 23 (2): 13. [key words: naturalists / popular writings] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1994. The Enlichenment: Terms of Enlichenment. B.C. Naturalist 32 (4): 4-5. [key words: popular writings / lichens]

Goward, T. 1995. Burning Questions. Nature Canada 24 (1): 44-45. [key words: popular writings / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1995. Here for a Long Time, Not a Good Time. Nature Canada 24 (2): 9. [key words: lichens / popular writings / Rhizocarpon] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1995. Lichens. Pages 332-367 in D. Johnson, L. Kershaw, A. MacKinnon and J. Pojar. Plants of the western boreal forest and aspen parkland. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen identification / field guide]

Goward, T. 1995. Nephroma occultum and the maintenance of lichen diversity in British Columbia. Mitteilungen der Eidgenössischen Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft 70: 93-101. [key words: oldgrowth / Nephroma / lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1995. Status report on the cryptic paw lichen, Nephroma occultum, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Working Document, June 1994. [key words: Nephroma / rare lichens / conservation responsibility / lichens / lichen ecology] [abstract]

Goward, T. 1995. The Enlichenment: Lichen Braille. B.C. Naturalist 33 (3): 4. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen ecology / naturalists]

Goward, T. 1996. BC’s Inland Rainforests. The Log. Fall 1996: 13. [key words: Inland Rainforests / conservation responsibility] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1996. Dust to Dust. Nature Canada 25 (3): 44-45. [key words: lichens / lichen biology / popular writings] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1996. Lichens. Pages 413-439 in R. Parish, R. Coupé and D. Lloyd (eds.). Plants of southern interior British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen identification / field guide]

Goward, T. 1996 (“1995”). Lichens of British Columbia: rare species and priorities for inventory. Research Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, and Habitat Protection Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, British Columbia. Working Paper 08/1996. 34 pages. [key words: lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens / conservation responsibility] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1996. Status report on the oldgrowth specklebelly lichen, Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. 36 pages. [key words: lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens / conservation responsibility / Pseudocyphellaria]

Goward, T. 1996. Status report on the seaside bone lichen, Hypogymnia heterophylla, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. 36 pages. [key words: lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens / conservation responsibility / Hypogymnia]

Goward, T. 1997. Lichens of Ages. Nature Canada 26 (3): 15-16. [key words: lichens / lichen biology / popular writings / Rhizocarpon] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1998. Observations on the ecology of the lichen genus Bryoria in high elevation conifer forests. Canadian Field Naturalist: 112: 496-501. [key words: Bryoria / lichens / lichen ecology / hypothesis generation / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 1998. Lichens. Pages 332-355 in L. Kershaw, A. MacKinnon and J. Pojar (eds.). Plants of the Rocky Mountains. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. [key words: popular writings / lichens / lichen identification / field guide]

Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 Fruticose species. British Columbia Ministry of Forests Special Report 9. Victoria. 319 pages. [key words: lichen identification / lichens / field guide] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2000. Fire, terrestrial lichens, and the Itcha-Ilgachuz caribou. Pages 665-669 in L. Darling (ed.). Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, B.C., 15-19 Feb., 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. [key words: forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology / hypothesis generation / Woodland Caribou] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2000. The Colour Orange. Nature Canada 29 (4): 12-13. [key words: lichen ecology / lichens / popular writings / Xanthoria] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2002. Hair lichens, snowpack variation and the fate of the mountain caribou: the LSC hypothesis. Abstract. Pages 41-42 in Mountain Caribou in 21st century ecosystems. Revelstoke. Columbia Mountains Institute of Applied Ecology. [key words: lichens / Mountain Caribou / Bryoria / hypothesis generation / conservation responsibility / Wells Gray Park / snow / forage lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2003. On the dispersal of hair lichens (Bryoria) in high-elevation oldgrowth conifer forests. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 117: 44-48. [key words: lichens / Bryoria / lichen ecology / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2003. On the vertical zonation of Hair Lichens (Bryoria) in the canopies of high-elevation oldgrowth conifer forests. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 114: 39-43. [key words: lichen ecology / Mountain Caribou / lichens / Bryoria / hypothesis generation / Wells Gray Park / zonation] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2008. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. I. Face in the Mirror. Evansia 25: 23-25. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / scientists / naturalists / perception] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2008. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. II. Nameless little Things. Evansia 25: 54-56. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / scientists / naturalists] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2008. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. III. Credo. Evansia 25: 54-56. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / pattern ecology / scientists / naturalists] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2008. Status report on the tarpaulin tarpaper lichen, Collema coniophilum, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. Submitted. (ONLINE – Pending) [key words: lichens / rare lichens / Collema / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. 2009. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. IV. Re-emergence. Evansia 26: 1-6. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / scientists / naturalists] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2009. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. V. Conversational. Evansia 26: 31-37. [key words: semi-popular writings / systems theory / lichens] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2009. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. VI. Reassembly. Evansia 26: 91-97. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / Bryoria / lichen resynthesis] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2009. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. VII. Species. Evansia 26: 153-162. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / species / lichen evolution / eukaryotic life] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2010. Mosquito and membrane: a natural history of metaphor. Pages 197-208 in M. Dickinson and C. Goulet (eds.). Lyric ecology: an appreciation of the work of Jan Zwicky. Cormorant Books, Toronto. [key words: popular writings / metaphor / philosophy] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2010. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. VIII. Theoretical. Evansia 27: 2-10. [key words: semi-popular writings / hypothesis generation / emergence / systems theory / lichen metacell] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2010. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. IX. Paralichens. Evansia 27: 40-46. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / paralichen theory] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2010. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. X. Homeostasis. Evansia 27: 71-81. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / homeostasis / lichen carbon theory] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2010 (“Anonymous”). Status report on the Oldgrowth Specklebelly lichen, Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. [key words: Coastal Temperate Rainforests / oldgrowth / Pseudocyphellaria / rare lichens / lichens / conservation responsibility] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2011. Teuvo Ahti and Leena Hämet Ahti: A Wells Gray Honeymoon. Enlichened Consulting Ltd., Clearwater. [key words: history / people / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. 2011. Readings on the Lichen Thallus. XI. Pre-assembly. Evansia 28: 1-17. [key words: semi-popular writings / lichens / hypothesis generation / lichen preassembly / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and T. Ahti. 1983. Parmelia hygrophila, a new lichen species from the Pacific Northwest of North America. Annales Botanici Fennici 20: 9-13. [key words: Parmelia / lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and T. Ahti. 1992. Macrolichens and their zonal distribution in Wells Gray Provincial Park and its vicinity, British Columbia, Canada. Acta Botanica Fennica 147: 1-60. [key words: Wells Gray Park / lichens / lichen checklists / hypothesis generation / new lichen reports] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and T. Ahti. 1997. Notes on the distributional ecology of the Cladoniaceae (lichenized Ascomycetes) in temperate and boreal North America. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 82: 143-155. [key words: Cladonia / Cladina / lichens / lichen distribution / hypothesis generation / lichen phytogeography] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T., T. Ahti, J. Elix and T. Spribille. 2010. Hypogymnia recurva and Hypogymnia wilfiana spp. nov.: two new lichens from western North America. Botany 88:345 – 351. [key words: lichens / Hypogymnia / Wells Gray Park / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and A. Arsenault. 1997. Notes on the assessment of lichen diversity in oldgrowth Engelmann Spruce – Subalpine Fir forests. Pages 67-78 in C. Hollstedt and A. Vyse (eds.). Sicamous Creek Silvicultural Systems Project: Workshop proceedings. April 24-25, 1996. Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada. Research Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 24/1997. [key words: lichen assessment / Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir Zone / lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and A. Arsenault. 2000. Cyanolichen distribution in young unmanaged forests: a dripzone effect? The Bryologist 103: 28-37. [key words: cyanolichens / dripzone effect / lichen ecology / lichens] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and A. Arsenault. 2000. Cyanolichens and conifers: implications for global conservation. Forest Snow and Landscape Research 75: 303-318. [key words: cyanolichens / lichens / lichen ecology / rare lichens / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / conservation responsibility / forest ecology] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and A. Arsenault. 2000. Inland oldgrowth rainforests: safe havens for rare lichens? Pages 759-766 in L. Darling (ed.). Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk, Kamloops, B.C., 15-19 Feb., 1999. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. [key words: cyanolichens / rare lichens / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / conservation responsibility / lichens / lichen ecology / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and A. Arsenault. 2003. Notes on the Populus “dripzone effect” in well ventilated stands in humid inland east-central British Columbia. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 117: 61-65. [key words: dripzone effect / lichens / lichen ecology / Bryoria / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and C. Björk. 2009. Wilf Schofield: a waterfall tribute. Botanical Electronic News 2009. [key words: waterfall spray zones / lichens / lichen ecology / conservation responsibility / people / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and C. Björk. 2010. (“Anonymous”). Status report on the Peacock Vinyl lichen, Leptogium polycarpum, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. Submitted. (pending – ONLINE) [key words: lichens / rare lichens / Leptogium / conservation responsibility]

Goward, T. and C. Björk. 2010. Macrolichens of British Columbia: checklist and conservation ranks. Enlichened Consulting Ltd./British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. [key words: lichens / rare lichens / lichen checklists] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and C. Björk. 2011. Checklist of macrolichens and mesolichens of Wells Gray Park and vicinity, British Columbia. Enlichened Consulting Ltd. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T., O. Breuss, B. Ryan, B. McCune, H. Sipman and C. Scheidegger. 1996. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. III. The Bryologist 99: 439-449. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / new lichen reports] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T., I.M. Brodo and S.R. Clayden. 1998. Rare lichens of Canada. A review and provisional listing. Unpublished report to Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. 74 pages. [key words: lichens / rare lichens / conservation responsibility] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and J. Campbell. 2005. Arboreal Hair Lichens in a Young, Unmanaged, Mid-elevation Conifer Stand, with Implications for Mountain Caribou. The Bryologist 108: 427-434. [key words: forest ecology / lichens / lichen ecology / Bryoria / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T., P. Diederich and R. Rosentreter. 1994. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. II. The Bryologist 97: 56-62. [key words: lichen checklists / lichens / new lichen reports] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and B. Goffinet. 1993. Nephroma silvae-veteris, a new lichen (Ascomycotina) from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 96: 242-244. [key words: Lobaria / rare lichens / new lichen taxa] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and B. Goffinet. 2000. Peltigera chionophila, a new lichen (Ascomycetes) from the western cordillera of North America. The Bryologist 103: 493-498. [key words: lichens / Peltigera / Wells Gray Park / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T., B. Goffinet and O. Vitikainen. 1994. Synopsis of the genus Peltigera (Lichenes, Ascomycotina) in British Columbia, with a key to the North American species. Canadian Journal of Botany. 73: 91-111. [key words: Peltigera / lichens / lichen identification / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and C. Hickson. 1989. Nature Wells Gray. The Clearwater Valley. The Friends of Wells Gray Park, Kamloops. 190 pages. [key words: Wells Gray Park / popular writings / volcanism / naturalists / field guide]

Goward, T. and C. Hickson. 1996. Nature Wells Gray. A visitors’ guide to the Park. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, Alberta. 224 pages. [key words: Wells Gray Park / popular writings / volcanism / naturalists / field guide] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and H. Knight. 1994. The Fameflower (Talinum sediforme): portrait of a northwest endemic. Cordillera 1 (1): 3-11. vide Additional Essays [key words: Talinum / plants] [download pdf]

Goward, T., K. Kriese and D. Nicholson. 1995. The White-throated Swift. Cordillera 2 (2): 26-11. vide Additional Essays [key words: White-throated Swifts / birds / Wells Gray Park] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and B. McCune. 1993. Hypogymnia apinnata sp. nov., a new lichen (Ascomycotina) from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 96: 450-453. [key words: lichens / Hypogymnia / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and B. McCune. 2007. Hypogymnia canadensis (Parmeliaceae), a new lichens from the Pacific coast of North America. The Bryologist 110: 808-811. [key words: Hypogymnia / lichens / Wells Gray Park / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia: illustrated keys. Part 1 – Foliose and squamulose species. British Columbia Ministry of Forests Special Report Series 8: 1-181. [key words: lichen identification / lichens / field guide] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and J. Pojar. 1998. Antique forests and epiphytic macrolichens in the Kispiox Valley. Forest Sciences Extension Note 33. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Smithers. 11 pages. [key words: rainforests / antique forests / oldgrowth / conservation responsibility] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and W.B. Schofield. 1983. The lichens and bryophytes of Burns Bog, Fraser Delta, southwestern British Columbia. Syesis 16: 53-69. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / conservation responsibility] [abstract] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and T. Spribille. 2005. Lichenological evidence for the recognition of inland rainforests in western North America. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1209-1219. [key words: Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / forest ecology / oceanic lichens / lichen ecology / Wells Gray Park] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T., T. Spribille and T. Ahti. 2011. Four new sorediate species in the Hypogymnia austerodes group (lichens) from northwestern North America, with notes on thallus morphology. Submitted. [key words: Hypogymnia / lichens / new lichen taxa]

Goward, T. and G. Thor. 1992. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. I. The Bryologist 95: 33-37. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / new lichen reports] [abstract] [request pdf]

Goward, T. and K.G. Wright. 2006. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Seaside Centipede Lichen, Heterodermia sitchensis, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. 33 pages. [key words: lichens / Heterodermia / conservation responsibility / rare lichens] [download pdf]

Goward, T. and K. Wright (compiler) 2009. Checklist of the Birds of Wells Gray Provincial Park, Second Revision. Enlichened Consulting Ltd, Clearwater. [key words: birds / Wells Gray Park / animals / field guide] [download pdf]

Halonen, P., P. Clerc, T. Goward, I.M. Brodo and K. Wulff. 1997. Synopsis of the genus Usnea (Lichenized Ascomycetes) in British Columbia, Canada. The Bryologist 101: 36-60. [key words: Usnea / lichens / lichen identification] [abstract] [request pdf]

Jørgensen, P.M. and T. Goward. 1994. Two new Leptogium species from western North America. Acta Botanica Fennica 150: 75-78. [key words: Leptogium / lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [download pdf]

Kinley, T.A., T. Goward, B.N. McLellan and R. Serrouya. 2007. The influence of variable snowpacks on habitat use by Mountain Caribou. Rangifer, Special Issue 17: 93-102. [key words: Mountain Caribou / lichen ecology / hypothesis generation / Bryoria / lichens / Wells Gray Park / snow / forage lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

McCune, B. and T. Goward. 1995. Macrolichens of the northern Rocky Mountains. Mad River Press, Eureka. 208 pages. [key words: lichens / lichen identification]

Miadlikowska, J., F. Lutzoni, T. Goward, S. Zoller and D. Posada. 2003. New approach to an old problem: Incorporating signal from gap-rich regions from ITS and rDNA large subunit into phylogenetic analyses to resolve the Peltigera canina species complex. Mycologia 95: 1181-1203. [key words: lichens / Peltigera] [request pdf]

Miège, D.J., T. Goward, M.J. Waterhouse and H.M. Armleder. 2001. Impact of partial cutting on lichen diversity in lodgepole pine forests on the Chilcotin Plateau in British Columbia. Research Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 55/2001. 29pp. [key words: lichens / forest ecology / lichen ecology] [abstract] [download pdf]

Piercey-Normore, M.D., T. Ahti and T. Goward. 2010. Phylogenetic and haplotype analyses of four segregates within Cladonia arbuscula s. l. Botany 88: 397-408. [key words: Cladina / lichens / species] [abstract] [request pdf]

Piercey-Normore, M.D., D. Coxson, T. Goward and B. Goffinet. 2006. Phylogenetic position of a Pacific Northwest North American endemic cyanolichen, Nephroma occultum (Ascomycota, Peltigerales). Lichenologist 38: 441-456. [key words: Nephroma / lichen evolution / lichens] [abstract] [request pdf]

Scheidegger, C. and T. Goward. 2002. Monitoring lichens for conservation: red lists and conservation action plans. Pages 163-181 in P.L. Nimis, C. Scheidegger and P.A Wolseley (eds.), Monitoring with lichens – Monitoring lichens. Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands. [key words: conservation responsibility / lichen assessment / lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

Schofield, W.B. and T. Goward. 2000. [Review:] H. Qian and K. Klinka: Plants of British Columbia: Scientific and common names of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens. The Bryologist 103: 181. [key words: reviews / thumbs down] [abstract] [request pdf]

Sillett, S.C. and T. Goward. 1998. Ecology and conservation of Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis, a Pacific Northwest endemic lichen. Pages 377-388 in M.G. Glenn, R.C. Harris, R. Dirig and M.S. Cole (eds.) Lichenographia Thomsoniana: North American Lichenology in honor of John W. Thomson. Mycotaxon Ltd., Ithaca, New York. [key words: Pseudocyphellaria / rare lichens / conservation responsibility / lichen ecology / lichens] [abstract] [download pdf]

Spribille, T., C.R. Björk, S. Ekman, J.A. Elix, T. Goward, C. Printzen, T. Tønsberg and T. Wheeler. 2009. Contributions to an epiphytic lichen flora of northwest North America: I. Eight new species from British Columbia’s inland rainforests. The Bryologist 112: 109-137. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / Inland Rainforests / Interior Cedar-Hemlock Zone / conservation responsibility / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Spribille, T., G. Thor, T. Goward and C. Björk. 2008. Lichens on dead wood: species-substrate relationships in the epiphyte lichen floras of the Pacific Northwest and Fennoscandia. Ecography 31: 741-750. [key words: lichen ecology / forest ecology / woody debris / conservation responsibility / lichens] [abstract] [request pdf]

Thell, A. and T. Goward. 1996. The new cetrarioid genus Kaernefeltia and related groups in the Parmeliaceae (lichenized Ascomycotina). The Bryologist 99: 125-136. [key words: lichens / Kaernefeltia / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Thell, A., T. Goward, T. Randlane, E.I. Kärnefelt and A. Saag. 1995. A revision of the North American lichen genus Ahtiana (Parmeliaceae). The Bryologist 98: 596-605. [key words: Ahtiana / lichens / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Tønsberg, T. and T. Goward. 1992. Cladonia norvegica new to North America. Evansia 9: 56-58. [key words: lichens / lichen checklists / Cladonia / new lichen reports] [abstract] [request pdf]

Tønsberg, T. and T. Goward. 2001. Sticta oroborealis sp. nov. and other Pacific North American lichens forming dendriscocauloid cyanotypes. The Bryologist 104: 12-23. [key words: Sticta / lichens / cyanolichens / Dendriscocaulon / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]

Velmala, S., L. Myllys, P. Halonen, T. Goward and T. Ahti. 2009. Molecular data show that Bryoria fremontii and B. tortuosa (Parmeliaceae) are conspecific. Lichenologist 41: 231-242. [key words: lichens / lichen evolution / species / Bryoria / new lichen taxa] [abstract] [request pdf]